Laser cutting is a precise, versatile, and efficient method of cutting various materials, including metals, plastics, wood, and composites. It utilizes a focused beam to heat and vaporize the material, creating a clean and accurate cut. This technique is widely employed in multiple industries, such as manufacturing, automotive, aerospace, and crafts.

At TBSI, we are committed to fast-sourcing solutions tailored for steel fabrication. Thanks to our industry experience and expertise, we have established a network of trusted suppliers. This enables us to obtain fabrication components and weldments, guaranteeing that our clients receive high-quality products and services.

Benefits of Laser Cutting

Laser cutting delivers exceptional results for creating intricate designs, optimizing material usage, or achieving high-quality finishes. Here are the most significant advantages of utilizing this technique:


Laser technology provides exceptional precision and control that enable manufacturers to reproduce intricate designs, shapes, and details accurately. This advanced method allows them to efficiently achieve their desired dimensions and bring their visions to life.

Reduction of Material Waste

This method can optimize material utilization by closely nesting parts, which minimizes scrap or residual workpieces. In addition, the process’ inherent accuracy minimizes excessive rework or adjustments. These factors lead to substantial cost savings.


Laser cutting can easily reproduce even the most intricate designs, from delicate engravings to complex geometries. Hence, manufacturers and designers can transform their unique conceptual designs into tangible parts and components. This flexibility allows for customization on a granular level.

Clean and Burr-Free Edges

The beam accurately vaporizes or liquefies the material, leaving smooth and flawless margins behind. This eliminates time-consuming deburring or edge polishing operations, reducing production costs and time. The clean edges also enhance the product’s overall aesthetics and give it a polished look.

Types of Laser Cutting and How They Work

Laser cutting services use precise beam control to cut materials with accuracy, speed, and low waste. The type is often determined by the specific material being cut and the intended application.

The following are the most common types of laser cutting and how they work:

CO2 Laser Cutting

CO2 laser cutting uses a high-energy beam of infrared light generated by a CO2 laser. The tube generates a beam with a wavelength of around 10.6 μm. This wavelength is highly absorbed by organic materials, making it suitable for cutting wood, plastics, textiles, acrylics, and metal. In many cases, an assist gas is used in this technique.

Fiber Laser Cutting

Fiber lasers employ an optical fiber doped with rare-earth elements like erbium, ytterbium, or neodymium. This configuration enables them to generate higher power output and operate more efficiently. They also work at a shorter wavelength range of approximately 1–1.1 μm, enhancing their ability to be absorbed by metals.

Nd: YAG Laser Cutting

Nd: YAG lasers utilize a solid-state source of a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet crystal. They are then activated by a flash lamp or diode laser, causing them to emit light with around 1.064 μm wavelength. Also, they often work in pulse mode to produce short bursts of energy. This feature makes them suitable for cutting thick metals requiring deeper penetration.

Laser Microjet Cutting

Laser microjet cutting simultaneously uses a laser beam and a fine water jet. The beam cuts the material by melting or vaporizing, while the water jet serves as a coolant to remove debris. This combination creates a precise and clean-cutting process for processing delicate objects susceptible to thermal damage.

Laser Cutting Design Files and Specifications

Design files and specifications are crucial in laser cutting to ensure successful fabrication. First, design files are created using computer-aided design (CAD) software, allowing designers to create detailed final product drawings. These files will then serve as the blueprint for laser-cutting machines to provide the necessary instructions for the beam.

Preparing the design files requires vector-based applications, such as Drawing Exchange Format or Adobe Illustrator, for easier interpretation. These documents contain the necessary elements, including outlines, dimensions, and specific shapes or patterns. Specifying the material to be cut is also essential, as different metals or nonmetals require varying parameters to achieve optimal results.

Specifications include product information like material thickness, tolerances, and any requirements or requested features. Precise specifications ensure the process aligns with the desired outcome and meets the project’s needs. Clear and detailed information also helps the manufacturer understand the project’s scope and deliver high-quality parts and components.

As technology advances, laser cutting remains at the forefront of shaping the future of various industries. The following trends and innovations are currently paving the way for higher precision, improved efficiency, and expanded possibilities in different applications:

Advanced Laser Sources

Advanced laser sources have revolutionized the field of laser technology by offering improvements in performance and efficiency. One advancement is the development of ultrafast lasers, also known as femtosecond lasers. They emit extremely short pulses in the femtosecond range (one quadrillionth of a second). This makes them ideal for cutting highly reflective materials like electronic and medical devices.

Another example is the green and UV laser which operates at shorter wavelengths than traditional CO2 lasers. They are well-suited for electronics, automotive, and medical applications, where precision and intricate cutting are paramount.

Intelligent Automation

Modern laser cutting systems incorporate intelligent automation features like robotic arms to automate material handling and part manipulation. They can precisely position and move workpieces, allowing for seamless integration with the cutting process. Advanced software systems are also being developed to optimize the operation. These solutions analyze design files, improve cutting paths, and adjust parameters for maximum efficiency.

Integration of Vision Systems

One aspect of vision systems is defect detection. High-resolution cameras capture detailed images of the workpiece before, during, and after the cutting process. The images are then analyzed by intelligent software algorithms, which can identify defects such as surface imperfections, irregularities, or unwanted anomalies. By detecting defects in real time, the system enables immediate corrective actions and prevents the production of faulty or subpar parts.

Another critical role is ensuring precise alignment. Laser cutting requires accurate positioning of the workpiece to achieve the desired configurations. Vision systems employ pattern recognition algorithms to detect fiducial markers or reference points, allowing for precise alignment of the cutting path. This ensures that the beam accurately follows the intended route, resulting in high-quality cuts and minimal material waste.

Smart Control Systems

Machine learning algorithms enable smart control systems to learn from past data and performance. The system can analyze historical cutting data, identify patterns, and optimize parameters for future operations. Over time, it becomes more intelligent and refined, continuously improving performance, reducing errors, and increasing productivity.

Additive Manufacturing

Integrating laser technology with additive manufacturing processes such as 3D printing is an emerging trend with significant potential. Laser cutting can remove excess material, refine printed parts, and add intricate details. This combination of additive and subtractive processes enables the creation of complex, high-quality components with greater efficiency and accuracy.

Choose TBSI for High-Quality Cutting Services and Solutions

At TBSI, we focus on delivering high-quality parts that meet our client’s exact specifications and standards! We employ stringent quality control measures throughout fabrication, utilizing advanced inspection techniques. This ensures that each component meets the required tolerances and performance criteria.

We believe in building strong relationships with our clients and providing them with personalized attention and support. Contact us today to learn more about our comprehensive capabilities! You can also request a quote now.